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Available data

Citizens


The data enabling the identification of natural persons in Belgium, that is citizens, are registered in the National Register. In practical terms, it contains the identification of:

  • all Belgians resident in Belgium,
  • all Belgians resident abroad who are registered in the population registers kept in Belgian diplomatic missions consular posts abroad,
  • all foreigners resident in Belgium who are admitted or authorised to settle or stay in the Kingdom,
  • all foreigners (and members of their family) who declare that they are refugees or who request recognition of the status of refugees,

and more specifically, the following data:

  • surname and first names,
  • place and date of birth,
  • sex,
  • nationality,
  • main place of residence,
  • place and date of death,
  • profession,
  • civil status,
  • composition of household,
  • indication of the register containing the persons listed in the registers held in Belgian diplomatic missions and consular posts abroad,
  • administrative situation of persons registered on the waiting list,
  • the existence of a certificate of identity and signature,
  • legal cohabitation,
  • the residence situation for foreigners.

At the request of the municipal administrations, other population information is also kept in the National Register. To gain access to the National Register, a request for authorisation has to be submitted to the Sectoral Committee of the National Register.
 

Businesses

Data relating to the identification of companies are registered in the Banque Carrefour des Entreprises (central business database). Most of the data are freely accessible, subject to an Open Data licence. In practical terms, the companies registered are:

  • legal entities under Belgian law,
  • establishments, bodies and services under Belgian law that undertake missions of general interest or linked to law and order and that have financial and accounting autonomy separate from that of the legal entity under Belgian public law to which they are accountable,
  • legal entities under foreign or international law which have an office in Belgium or which have to be registered in fulfilment of an obligation imposed by Belgian legislation,
  • any natural person who, as an autonomous entity:
  • exercises an economic and professional activity, in Belgium, on a habitual basis, as a main or complementary occupation,
  • or has to be registered in fulfilment of an obligation imposed by Belgian legislation other than that referred to by this law,
  • associations without a legal personality that have to be registered in fulfilment of an obligation imposed by Belgian legislation other than that referred to by this law,
  • business units of the companies referred to above.

‘Reusable’ data are as follows:

For the company as a whole:

  • Business number
  • Type of business
  • Name
  • Registered office
  • Address of branch or centre of operations
  • Contact details
  • General information
  • Automatic deletion
  • Legal form
  • Situation (bankruptcy, etc.)
  • Financial information
  • Positions (manager, chairman, treasurer, general manager, liquidator)
  • Entrepreneurial capacities
  • Activities codified in line with several nomenclatures: VAT, NSSO (national social security office), NSSO of provincial and local administrations, services directive, etc.
  • Bank account
  • Quality (craft, VAT, NSSO or NSSO of provincial and local administrations employer, commercial, etc.)
  • Authorisations and acknowledgements
  • Business-business link.

And for each business unit:

  • Business unit number
  • Name of business unit
  • Address
  • Contact details
  • General information
  • Activities (as above)
  • Authorisations (as above).

However, some data are personal. For example:

  • the address of the business that is a natural person when this coincides with that of the founder,
  • the National Register number of the founders and persons exercising a function that is subject to public disclosure.

In this case, access is conditional upon a favourable opinion further to an application for authorisation submitted to the Sectoral Committee of the Banque-Carrefour des Entreprises.
 

Social security

Data relating to the beneficiaries of social security allowances are accessible via the Banque Carrefour de la Sécurité Sociale (central social security database). This is a services integrator that gives access to data from a large number of institutions active in this field, including the public social action centres, the national employment office, the national institute for health and disability insurance, the national pensions office, the federal agency for family allowance, etc. The social security allowances in question are those granted in case of:

  • illness,
  • unemployment,
  • dependent children,
  • retirement,
  • disability,
  • accident,
  • etc.

These are always personal data.

They are therefore only accessible by means of prior authorisation from the Privacy Commission or the competent sectoral committee (there are currently six of these).
 

Vehicles

Data relating to vehicles registered in Belgium are recorded in the Banque Carrefour des Véhicules (central vehicles database). Ultimately, the aim is to ensure that vehicles are traceable, that is to keep a permanent record of vehicle ownership,

  • from the moment the vehicle leaves the manufacturing plant, if this is located in Belgium, or as soon as the vehicle is imported into the country,
  • until the moment when it is exported or destroyed.

Every change in ownership will therefore be recorded here. At the moment, it is possible to find the holder, whether a natural person or a company, of the registration of a vehicle whose licence plate number is known.

Access to this database is conditional upon obtaining a favourable opinion further to a request for authorisation submitted to the Sectoral Committee for the Federal Authority.
 

Real Estate

The Federal Public Department of Finance grants access to real-estate data via its Consultimmo service. This is a multi-criteria research tool that can be used to find all sorts of data concerning real-estate property: cadastral codes, sales prices, owners, etc.

Access to this database is subject to obtaining a favourable opinion regarding the application for authorisation submitted to the Sectoral Committee for the Federal Authority.

 

Info & contact


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